The Herodian house and the Roman procurators, The partition of Palestine and its aftermath, Diverging histories for Palestinian Arabs, The role of Palestinians outside formerly mandated Palestine, The Arab-Israeli war of 1967 and its consequences, The PLO’s struggle for Palestinian autonomy, Palestinians and the civil war in Lebanon, Negotiations, violence, and incipient self-rule, Split administration of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, Blockade and 2008 conflict in the Gaza Strip, Palestinian Authority bid for statehood recognition, https://www.britannica.com/place/Palestine, History Learning Site - Palestine 1918 to 1948, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Palestine, Syria, Palestine - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Palestine - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Palestine has occupied an important and strategic position for invaders throughout history. It is bordered by Jordan to the east, Lebanon to the north, and the Red Sea and Sinai, Egypt to the south. In the west the Mediterranean Sea acts as … The maritime plain connects with Esdraelon by the pass of Megiddo and several lesser routes between the mountain spurs of Carmel and Gilboaʿ. This strategic position has made Palestine a path and crossroads to the West for many travelers and a commercial interface for traders where goods reached Palestine first and from there were passed on to Europe. Fields and fruit groves are laid out between scattered sandstone ridges, on which villages have grown up. The most northerly is the Plain of ʿAkko (Acre), which extends with a breadth of 5 to 9 miles (8 to 14 km) for about 20 miles (32 km) from the Lebanon border in the north to the Carmel promontory, in Israel, in the south, where it narrows to a mere 600 feet (180 metres). Samaria is easily approached from the coast across the Plain of Sharon and from the Jordan by the Fāriʿah valley. In its northern section the bed of the drained Lake Ḥula and of Lake Tiberias (the Sea of Galilee) are blocked by natural dams of basalt. In 2005 Arab concerns were partially assuaged when Israel completed its withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and handed over control of the territory to the Palestinians, but the Israeli settlement population in the West Bank nearly doubled between 2005 and 2019. In the west the Mediterranean Sea acts as a bridge connecting Africa, Asia, and Europe. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Palestine is an Arab country located in Asia on the eastern Mediterranean coast, which is known also as the Levant. Once covered with marshes, the Sharon plain was reclaimed in the post-Exilic and Hellenistic period and is now a settled area. Palestine is an Arab country located in Asia on the eastern Mediterranean coast, which is known also as the Levant. Covered with rich basaltic soils washed down from the Galilean hills, Esdraelon is important both for its fertility and for the great highway it opens from the Mediterranean to the lands across the Jordan. Imagine the West Bank as an island with it bordering Jordan in the east. Some members of each group still make such sweeping and mutually exclusive claims to complete control of the area, whereas others are more willing to seek a peaceful compromise solution. Palestine is an Arab country located in Asia on the eastern Mediterranean coast, which is known also as the Levant. What and where are the West Bank and Gaza? The name was revived by the Romans in the 2nd century ce in “Syria Palaestina,” designating the southern portion of the province of Syria, and made its way thence into Arabic, where it has been used to describe the region at least since the early Islamic era. What countries are neighbors to Palestine? Located on the Map– Although the name “Palestine” has a thousand-year history, disputes over its use and the sovereignty of the historical region in the Middle East are still continuing and often lead to serious conflicts in the diplomatic arena.
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