Linnaeus originally placed bananas into two species based only on their uses as food: Musa sapientum for dessert bananas and Musa paradisiaca for plantains. Bananas are also commonly used in cuisine in the South-Indian state of Kerala, where they are steamed (puzhungiyathu), made into curries, fried into chips, (upperi) or fried in batter (pazhampori). These rooms are air-tight and filled with ethylene gas to induce ripening. How our favourite fruit came to be", "Plastid ultrastructure, chlorophyll contents, and colour expression during ripening of Cavendish banana (, "4 ways to use green bananas that won't ripen", "GLOBAL ISSUES FOR BREAKFAST: THE BANANA INDUSTRY AND ITS PROBLEMS FAQ (COHEN MIX)", "Banana production in 2017, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Global leading producers of bananas 2017", "Banana and plantain exports in 2013, Crops and livestock products/Regions/World list/Export quantity (pick lists)", "A Quest for the Gros Michel, the Great Banana of Yesteryear", "The banana is one step closer to disappearing", "Risk assessment of Eastern African Highland Bananas and Plantains against TR4", "Transgenic Cavendish bananas with resistance to Fusarium wilt tropical race 4", MusaNet Technical Guidelines for the Safe Movement of, "International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre", "2016. #1) Brainstorm your name ideas. It is unclear if any existing cultivar can replace Cavendish bananas, so various hybridisation and genetic engineering programs are attempting to create a disease-resistant, mass-market banana. Scientific Musa spp. A 100g serving provides 81kcal, 20.3g of carbohydrate, 1.4g fibre and 18.1g of natural sugar. Consequently, they are conserved by three main methods: in vivo (planted in field collections), in vitro (as plantlets in test tubes within a controlled environment), and by cryopreservation (meristems conserved in liquid nitrogen at −196 °C). All plants are genetically identical, which prevents evolution of disease resistance. The paper is either hand-made or by industrial process. ", Bananas must be transported over long distances from the tropics to world markets. Leaf Banana Leaf. So you see a bunch of what looks like bananas, but they're bigger, bright green, and thick-skinned. 243 225 72. Depending upon cultivar and ripeness, the flesh can vary in taste from starchy to sweet, and texture from firm to mushy. In summary, in commerce in Europe and the Americas (although not in small-scale cultivation), it is possible to distinguish between "bananas", which are eaten raw, and "plantains", which are cooked. Since then BBW has been diagnosed in Central and East Africa including the banana growing regions of Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Burundi, and Uganda. 124 77 76.  No resistant cultivars have been found, but varietal differences in susceptibility have been reported. If you want more amazing facts about bananas, feel free to explore our other posts today.  The name may be derived from Antonius Musa, physician to the Emperor Augustus, or Linnaeus may have adapted the Arabic word for banana, mauz.  Some commentators remarked that those variants which could replace what much of the world considers a "typical banana" are so different that most people would not consider them the same fruit, and blame the decline of the banana on monogenetic cultivation driven by short-term commercial motives. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. The fruit tasted rather like mango. , Banana fiber harvested from the pseudostems and leaves of the plant has been used for textiles in Asia since at least the 13th century. Both genera are in the banana family, Musaceae. Eating Healthy Will Cost You; Potassium Alone $380 Per Year", "Ranking of potassium content per 100 grams in common fruits and vegetables", 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199611)11:6<353::AID-FFJ596>3.0.CO;2-9, "Very Good Recipes of Banana and Flowers", "Thailand Supermarket Ditches Plastic Packaging For Banana Leaves", "Traditional Crafts of Japan – Kijoka Banana Fiber Cloth", "An Entrepreneur Story – Turning Waste from Banana Harvests into Silk Fiber for the Textile Industry", "The Stories Behind 11 Classic Album Covers", "One banana, what could it cost? The vivid yellow color consumers normally associate with supermarket bananas is, in fact, caused by the artificial ripening process.  Racist taunts are an ongoing problem in football.  However, there is evidence that bananas were known to the Indus Valley Civilisation from phytoliths recovered from the Kot Diji archaeological site in Pakistan (although they are absent in other contemporary sites in South Asia). 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