Providing the conditions needed for incubation is simple, even at home. You can also download this article as a free ebook. Oyster mushrooms are widely cultivated and used in Kerala, India where a wide variety of dishes are prepared from them. Oyster mushrooms are easy to identify, grow all over the world, and are a delicious gourmet mushroom that can be added to almost any meal. The spawn will come to life in the warm, humid conditions of the bags and eat its’ way across the food you’ve given it. Last updated Sep 28, 2020. Before you can do this, you’ll need to decide which oyster mushroom strain to grow and which substrate you’ll grow on. Hundreds of Kg’s of Oyster mushroom substrate incubating at GroCycle Farm. Oyster mushrooms are mainly cultivated in large clear polyethylene bags with buns of hay layered in the bags, and spawn sown between the layers. First of all, you need good spawn. I am particularily passionate about growing mushrooms, and teaching others how to do the same. Here’s a quick overview of how to prepare each one. In nature, they typically fruit much later in the summer. Before you get stuck in to the growing, the last step is getting your supplies ready so you can get started. They don’t gain energy from the light, so an indirect lighting source or shaded windowsill will be sufficient. Get the Sharondale Mushroom Farm Newsletter. They also tolerate cooler weather, growing in temperatures from 45 to 65°F, though it must be at least 60°F for fruiting to take place. If it doesn’t hold together in your hand, it is likely too dry, and you’ll need to add more water. Total commercial oyster mushroom cultivation worldwide increased over 18-fold between 1965 – 1997 (from 350,000 metric tons in 1965 to 6,160,800 metric tons in 1997; source). The following species list is organized according to 1. phylogenetic clade, 2. intersterility group (group number in Roman numerals) or sub-clade, and then 3. any older binomial names that have been found to be closely related, reproductively compatible, or synonymous, although they may no longer be taxonomically valid. Only 10-14 days are needed for the spawn to grow a full web of root-like threads of mycelium and colonise the growing substrate. Sometimes referred to as blue pearl oysters, these mushrooms are popular because they grow rapidly. What makes this mushroom so unique is their texture. The flesh is white, firm, and varies in thickness due to stipe arrangement. One of the most striking of the Oyster mushroom varieties, the Pink Oyster mushroom grows really fast, producing fruits in as little as 3-4 weeks. I like to cook them until they have browned sufficiently. Welcome to the fun! If you’re not using a filter patch bag, then make a few tiny holes every 10cms around the bag for air exchange.Check out this short video lesson where we walk you through an example of the inoculation process with coffee & straw as the substrate: It’s where the spawn that you introduced will grow and spread out across the substrate, in preparation for the final phase of fruiting. All of our mushroom spawn are live cultures. In more recent years commercial production has skyrocketed. However, remarkably, Pleurotus dryinus can sometimes be dimitic, meaning that it has additional skeletal hyphae, which give it a tougher consistency like bracket fungi. In other words, it takes about just 5-8 weeks to grow 3 crops of Oyster mushrooms…and all this can be done with minimal equipment or expertise. P. populinus is typically smaller, and grows primarily on dead or dying aspen trees. Get some mushrooms in your life! In Alberta Canada (where I live), you’re most likely to find a close relative called Pleurotus populinus. Choose whichever is the easiest for you to source! If it’s just a little, there’s a good chance that your spawn will overtake it, but if there’s a lot, the grow will likely fail, and it’s time to compost your substrate and start again. Harvesting just as the edge of the mushroom caps begin to flatten out. If you live in an area with a large Asian immigrant population (like here in the Netherlands), your neighborhood grocery store may also carry them! The pearl oyster mushroom is also used to create mycelium bricks, mycelium furniture, and leather-like products. Follow these links: Sawdust spawn directionsPlug spawn directions. "Biotechnological applications and potential of wood-degrading mushrooms of the genus, "Ancient and recent patterns of geographic speciation in the oyster mushroom, "Recent advances in molecular systematics of the genus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pleurotus&oldid=982053136, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 October 2020, at 22:25.
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