In 1665, he discovered the generalised binomial theorem and began to develop a mathematical theory that later became infinitesimal calculus. [according to whom?] " Nothing further seems to have been done in the matter until 28 January 1675, when Oldenburg informed the Society that "Mr. Newton is now in such circumstances that he desires to be excused from the weekly payments." Then place a lens of about three-foot radius (suppose a broad object-glass of a three-foot telescope), at the distance of about four or five foot from thence, through which all those colours may at once be transmitted, and made by its refraction to convene at a further distance of about ten or twelve feet. He accepted the offer and was later elected President of the Royal Society (1703). And this I have experimented in a dark room by illuminating those bodies with uncompounded light of diverse colours. This suggests an early influence of the schoolmaster on the natural philosopher when he was still a schoolboy. [according to whom?]  This led Newton to revert[according to whom?] Isaac Newton: Home Page; Achievements/Setbacks; Timeline "Glossary" "Random Thoughts" Credits; Achievements. There were nine vacancies, one caused by the death of Abraham Cowley the previous summer, and the nine successful candidates were all of the same academic standings. I propose that the heads may for this time nominate and the body comply, yet interposing (if they think fit) a protestation concerning their plea that this election may not hereafter pass for a decisive precedent in prejudice of their claim", and, "whereas I understand that the whole university has chiefly consideration for Dr Henry Paman of St John's College and Mr. Craven of Trinity College, I do recommend them both to be nominated. Isaac Newton was one of the great figures in the history of science. Let's take a look at just 7. Dang, the summer of 1665 was a busy one. How much truth there is in what is a plausible and a favourite story can never be known, but it is certain[according to whom?] Barrow did so on 31 July 1669, but kept the name of the author a secret, and merely told Collins that he was a friend staying at Cambridge, who had a powerful genius for such matters. At such time I found the method of Infinite Series; and in summer 1665, being forced from Cambridge by the plague, I computed the area of the Hyperbola at Boothby, in Lincolnshire, to two and fifty figures by the same method. On his return to London on 10 December 1684, he informed the Royal Society "that he had lately seen Mr. Newton at Cambridge, who had shown him a curious treatise De Motu", which at Halley's desire he promised to send to the Society to be entered upon their register. The fact that heavy bodies have always a tendency to fall to the Earth, no matter at what height they are placed above the Earth's surface, seems to have led Newton to conjecture[according to whom?] But by observing the distance through which a body would fall in one second at the Earth's surface, and by calculating from that on the supposition of the force diminishing in the ratio of the inverse square of the distance, he found that the Earth's attraction at the distance of the moon would draw a body through 15 ft. (4.57 metres) in one minute. Im Jahre 1671 untersuchte Isaac NEWTON (1642 - 1726) die Farbzerlegung des weißen Lichts, die er dann in seinem Werk "Opticks" ausführlich beschrieb.. and was meant[according to whom?] on the truth of the inverse square law, yet this truth was not looked upon as established. He had his information from Newton's favourite niece Catherine Barton, who married John Conduitt, a fellow of the Royal Society, and one of Newton's intimate friends. For by that means anybody may be made to appear of any colour. Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it. that it was in 1665 that the method of fluxións (his term for calculus of variations) first occurred to Newton's mind. obs. After a remark that microscopes seem as capable of improvement as telescopes, he adds: I shall now proceed to acquaint you with another more notable deformity in its Rays, were in the intermediate degrees of refrangibility. In January 1684, Sir Christopher Wren, Halley and Hooke were led to discuss the law of gravity, and although they probably all agreed[according to whom?] This promise was fulfilled in communication which Newton addressed to Henry Oldenburg, the secretary of the Royal Society, on 6 February 1672, and which was read before the society two days afterward. Isaac Newton held several positions throughout his life. Some people call me the greatest scientist of my era because I greatly impacted the Enlightenment Period. They are said[by whom?] I see I have made myself a slave to philosophy, but if I get free of Mr. Lucas's business, I will resolutely bid adieu to it eternally, excepting what I do for my private satisfaction, or leave to come out after me; for I see a man must either resolve to put out nothing new or to become a slave to defend it.". Although he had been undistinguished as a Cambridge student, Newton's private studies at his home in Woolsthorpe over the next two years saw the development of his theories on calculus, optics and the law of gravitation. Newton, by calculating from Kepler's laws, and supposing the orbits of the planets to be circles with the sun at the centre, had already proved[according to whom?] He realised that objects are coloured only because they absorb some of these colours more than others. Newton's Laws. But it is requisite, that the prism and lens be placed steadily, and that the paper, on which the colours are cast be moved to and fro; for, by such motion, you will not only find, at what distance the whiteness is almost perfect but also see, how the colours gradually convene and vanish into whiteness, and afterward having crossed one another in that place where they compound whiteness, are again dissipated and severed, and in an inverted order retain the same colours, which they had before they entered the composition.
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