", Thus Paul Cartledge claims that "the history of Sparta (…) is fundamentally the history of the class struggle between the Spartans and the Helots".. As many as two thousand were selected accordingly, who crowned themselves and went round the temples, rejoicing in their new freedom.
Plutarch also states that Spartans treated the Helots "harshly and cruelly": they compelled them to drink pure wine (which was considered dangerous - wine usually being cut with water) "…and to lead them in that condition into their public halls, that the children might see what a sight a drunken man is; they made them to dance low dances, and sing ridiculous songs…" during syssitia (obligatory banquets) However, he notes that this rough treatment was inflicted only relatively late, after the 465 BC earthquake. Helots came from the conquered regions of primarily Messenia,conquered until the end of the 7cBC. They were known as neodamôdeis and had the right to serve in the Spartan army, which also meant that they shared in the spoils.
This time, the Athenians set their sights on the helots of Laconia. Thucydides underlines that they had hoped to exploit the patriotism of the latter in order to pacify the region.
In effect, the hoplite system was a strict method of training to ensure that discipline was maintained in the phalanx.
They had to be permanently on their guard, and it is not surprising, therefore, that their magistrates (the ephors) declared war upon the Messenians every year. Typically, they were peasants, but they are sometimes found in other sectors of Spartan society (as servants at home, guards, and grooms), and although they were believed to be ethnically different from the Spartan elite, they could be emancipated and enter the world of the free-born. hu:Helóta According to Myron of Priene, an anti-Spartan historian of the middle 3rd century BC: "They assign to the Helots every shameful task leading to disgrace.
 According to Aristotle, the ephors annually declared war on the Helots, thereby allowing Spartans to kill them without fear of religious pollution.
Therefore, Pausanias calls them "slaves of the commonwealth". The few citations which have been associated with helot revolt are discussed below. The Helots were slaves born in Sparta who had their rights taken away at birth, even the right to live. The helots (Classical Greek: Template:Polytonic / Heílôtes) were an unfree population group that formed the main population of Laconia and the whole of Messenia (areas of Sparta). It is difficult to reconcile these versions. nl:Heloten Girls born of such unions, serving no military purpose, were likely abandoned at birth and left to die.  It has also been stressed that contempt alone could hardly explain the organized murder of Helots mentioned by several ancient sources.
They were ritually mistreated, humiliated and even slaughtered: every autumn, during the crypteia, they could be killed by a Spartan citizen without fear of repercussion. They farmed the land and performed other manual labor for the Spartans.
Finally, helots, like slaves, could be artisans or tradesmen. Plutarch has Timaia, the wife of King Agis II, "being herself forward enough to whisper among her helot maid-servants" that the child she was expecting had been fathered by Alcibiades, and not her husband, indicating a certain level of trust. uk:Ілоти
Simultaneously, the population of Spartiate citizens declined.
Helots lived in family units and could, at least de facto, contract unions among themselves.
The Spartans gained considerable reputation as hoplites, due to tactical capabilities developed through constant training. . Some helots were also servants to young Spartans during their agoge, the Spartan education; these were the μόθωνες / móthōnes (see below).
The helots (Classical Greek: Template:Polytonic / Heílôtes) were an unfree population group that formed the main population of Laconia and the whole of Messenia (areas of Sparta). They were unfree. bg:Илот  This explanation is however not very plausible in etymological terms.
Besides, the rations mentioned by Thucydides for the Helots on Sphacteria are close to normal.
Like other towns in ancient Greece, all people belonged to different groups, and there was a class of unfree laborers, the helots.
About Pictures Sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs. The Helots, by contrast, had their own families and communities.
Unsuccessful Spartan soldiers were forced to become slaves.
Therefore, Pausanias calls them "slaves of the commonwealth".
Nevertheless, this category poses a number of problems, firstly that of vocabulary. "Only free men can negotiate; prisoners cannot enter into contracts. Various sources mention such servants accompanying this or that Spartan. The first explicit reference to this practice in regards the helots occurs in Thucydides (IV, 26, 5).
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