Aftermath: In the immediate aftermath of Salamis, Xerxes attempted to build a pontoon bridge or causeway across the straits, in order to use his army to attack the Athenians; however, with the Greek fleet now confidently patrolling the straits, this proved futile.Â Herodotus tells us that Xerxes held a council of war, at which the Persian general Mardonius tried to make light of the defeat. This view is based on the premise that much of modern Western society, such as philosophy, science, personal freedom and democracy are rooted in the legacy of Ancient Greece. font-size: 15px; The American School of Classical Studies at Athens is hosting an online seminar commemorating the 480 BC Battle of Salamis, a naval battle between an alliance of Greek city-states and the Persians of King Xerxes which was a defining moment of Greek history that continues to bear relevance to this day. The strait of Salamis After the Persian victories at Artemisium and Thermopylae , king Xerxes proceeded to Athens , which he captured in the last days of September 480. line-height: 18px; font-family: "Georgia", Times New Roman, Times, serif; Archaeology, History, Discussion. En route Themistocles left inscriptions addressed to the Ionian Greek crews of the Persian fleet on all springs of water that they might stop at, asking them to defect to the Allied cause. A significant number of historians have stated that Salamis is one of the most significant battles in human history (though the same is often stated of Marathon). font-size: 15px; The Opposing Forces: Herodotus reports that there were 378 triremes in the Allied fleet, and then breaks the numbers down by city state. At the following battles of Plataea and Mycale, the threat of conquest was removed, and the Allies were able to go on the counter-offensive. Like the Battles of Marathon and Thermopylae, Salamis has gained something of a 'legendary' status (unlike, for instance, the more decisive Battle of Plataea), perhaps because of the desperate circumstances and the unlikely odds. The campaign had witnessed the Greeks pushed south and Athens captured. height: 0; Other available Preschools to explore and learn! This view is based on the premise that much of modern Western society, such as philosophy, science, personal freedom and democracy are rooted in the legacy of Ancient Greece. Salamis (its Greek name) certainly the largest and most decisive naval battles of all times, and is often cited as the most preeminent naval battle of the antiquity. The next objective was to quell once and for all the collection of potentially troublesome rebel states on the western border of the Empire. He does not explicitly say that all 378 fought at Salamis. After Salamis, the Peloponnese, and by extension Greece as an entity, was safe from conquest; and the Persians suffered a major blow to their prestige and morale (as well as severe material losses). The American School of Classical Studies at Athens is hosting an online seminar commemorating the 480 BC Battle of Salamis, a naval battle between an alliance of Greek city-states and the Persians of King Xerxes which was a defining moment of Greek history that continues to bear relevance to this day. It is often associated in that regard to the sea peoples battles of the bronze age, Actium, Lepanto, Trafalgar, and … TEXT-DECORATION: none; font-family: "Georgia", Times New Roman, Times, serif; Background: The Greek city-states of Athens and Eretria had supported the unsuccessful Ionian Revolt against the Persian Empire of Darius I in 499-494 BC, led by the satrap of Miletus, Aristagoras. The webinar will take place on September 29 at 7 p.m. Greek time (12 noon EDT) and registration is required, at www.ascsa.edu.gr. text-align: center; In 490 BCE Greek forces led by Athens met the Persians in battle at Marathon and defeated the invaders. clear: both; Wars and military campaigns are guided by strategy, whereas battles take place on a level of planning and execution known as operational mobility.View Historic Battles Â», A historical figure is a famous person in history, such as Alexander the Great, Admiral Yi Sun-Shin, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Christopher Columbus, or Napoleon Bonaparte.View Historic People Â», Describes the history of humanity as determined by the study of archaeological and written records. Â© 2016-2020 by Jackie Lau. } Battle of Salamis was a naval battle fought between an alliance of Greek city-states under Themistocles and the Persian Empire under King Xerxes in 480 BC which resulted in a decisive victory for the outnumbered Greeks. Moreover, Darius was a usurper, and had spent considerable time extinguishing revolts against his rule. In a more extreme form of this argument, some historians argue that if the Greeks had lost at Salamis, the ensuing conquest of Greece by the Persians would have effectively stifled the growth of Western Civilization as we know it. The battle was fought in the straits between the mainland and Salamis, an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens, and marked the high-point of the second Persian invasion of Greece. Discussing the historical, archaeological and political implications of this momentous event are US Ambassador to Athens Geoffrey R. Pyatt and John R. Hale, nautical archaeologist and author of “Lords of the Sea” (Penguin, 2009), who will explore details of the battle and its modern relevance in the contemporary geopolitical climate. The Persian Empire was still relatively young, and prone to revolts amongst its subject peoples. Contact. Significance: A significant number of historians have stated that Salamis is one of the most significant battles in human history (though the same is often stated of Marathon). The Greek victory allowed Macedon to revolt against Persian rule; and over the next 30 years, Thrace, the Aegean Islands and finally Ionia would be removed from Persian control by the Allies, or by the Athenian-dominated successor, the Delian League. By the first years of the 5th century BCE, Persia, under the rule of Darius (r. 522-486 BCE), was already expanding into mainland Europe and had subjugated Thrace and Macedonia. TEXT-DECORATION: none; Faq All Rights Reserved. Home Salamis started a decisive swing in the balance of power toward the Greeks, which would culminate in an eventual Greek victory, severely reducing Persian power in the Aegean. In a more extreme form of this argument, some historians argue that if the Greeks had lost at Salamis, the ensuing conquest of Greece by the Persians would have effectively stifled the growth of Western Civilization as we know it.
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